What are the main types of data storage that exist

Today, digital technology is an indispensable component for the success and performance of all companies, regardless of their size. Even individual micro-entrepreneurs need to know how to manage their data efficiently, promote digital marketing and optimize their processes. However, as a business grows, this task becomes more complex. One factor involved here is the existence of different types of data storage .

They have positive and negative points for the business. If it is not done efficiently then it can turn into a huge waste of resources and loss of productivity in the medium and long term.

To better handle this task, it is important to know the types of data storage and their main characteristics. That’s what we’re going to talk about today. Follow and understand more about the topic.

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What is data storage?

Simply put, these are the tools and methods that are used to store, catalog and access information used in the company. For this, different technologies are used, such as optical readers, data management software, among others, which allow to keep this information preserved for future use.

The main purpose of this storage is to ensure that it will be possible to retrieve this data later , regardless of any malfunction or interruption in processing. Furthermore, data security and its protection against possible cyber attacks must also be taken into account, considering that the number of cyber crimes is also growing.

Why is data storage important?

Most users don’t think about how data storage types affect overall business performance. However, as the scale of the company increases, the importance of these optimizations becomes greater.

Some of the examples of the importance of data storage are below.

Ensure the integrity of information

As we’ve already mentioned, one of the goals of data storage and management tools is to ensure that the company has access to accurate and reliable information. If the storage process is not done correctly, then there is a good chance that some of this information will be damaged, lost or altered, compromising its integrity.

By investing in more effective data storage tools, you also reduce the chances that a system error will undermine the reliability of your information. In the long run, this risk reduction makes a big difference to improving your team’s performance and efficiency.

Greater accessibility to company data

Nowadays, the use of information is not only linked to its volume, but also to the ease with which employees can access data relevant to their work. Even if you have a large and secure database, it needs to be well distributed to ensure the best performance.

Good data warehousing systems also take this into account, implementing tools that make it easier for staff to access critical data, as well as deeper analysis and comparison. High-value resources for planning a digital marketing strategy , for example.

Flexibility at access points

It is always good to remember that, due to various changes in the market, it is more common for companies to put flexibility first. Especially if the team tends to change their workstations frequently, or if a part of the employees works in a home office and needs easy access to the company’s system.

The main types of data storage today already favor this type of organization, allowing the same information to be easily retrieved from different access points. This way, you can keep track of processes from home or from a new computer more easily.

What are the main types of data storage?

How data is stored varies depending on the type of technology used. All having their pros and cons. However, most tend to fall into one of two main groups.


Acronym for “Direct Attatched Storage”, or “Directly Attached Storage”. This category includes all storage where there is a physical connection between the hardware where the data is actually stored and the computer reading it. This is the case of Hard Disks (HDs), pendrives, SSDs, among others.

On the one hand, this type of technology is less flexible and efficient, especially when we talk about large-scale information distribution. However, solid and direct storage can also be used to promote information security and to prevent it from being lost in the event of a network failure.


Acronym for “Network Attatched Storage”, or “Network Attached Storage”. In this case, the hardware on which the information is stored is different from the one on which access is made, allowing multiple computers to access the same data remotely.

This method promotes the centralization of information , which can facilitate its internal administration. It makes storage more flexible and scalable, but it also increases software and data security requirements .

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